Forces Between Suspended Bentonite Particles Part II—Calcium Bentonite1

H. van Olphen
Shell Development Company, Houston, Texas
1 Publication no. 145, Shell Development Company, Exploration and Production Research Division, Houston, Texas.

Abstract: In a previous paper (van Olphen, 1956) data were presented for the rheological and sedimentation behavior of sodium bentonite suspensions in water. From these data particle interaction energies were derived. Analogous data have been collected for calcium bentonite suspensions. It was observed that more clay is required to obtain a gel or a certain sediment volume with calcium bentonite than with sodium bentonite. This result can be quantitatively interpreted on the basis of a larger average particle thickness in the calcium bentonite suspensions. It is furthermore concluded that the interparticle forces are of the same order in both calcium and sodium bentonite suspensions.

Clays and Clay Minerals; 1957 v. 6; no. 1; p. 196-206; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1957.0060115
© 1957, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)