Refinement of the Crystal Structure of Cronstedtite-1T

Jiří Hybler1, Václav Petříček1, Slavomil Ďurovič2 and Ĺubomír Smrčok2
1 Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 18221 Praha 8, Czech Republic
2 Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 84236 Bratislava, Slovakia
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Abstract: The crystal structure of cronstedtite-1T was refined in space group P31m, using two crystals: a triangular tabular crystal from Herja, Romania and a conical crystal from Lostwithiel, Cornwall, England. The Herja sample has the composition of (Fe2+2.20Fe3+0.80)(Si1.20Fe3+0.78Al0.02)O5(OH)4 and the Lostwithiel sample has the composition, of (Fe2+2.32Fe3+0.68)(Si1.32Fe3+0.66Al0.02)O5(OH)4. The results of refinements are as follows: a = 5.512(1) Å, c = 7.106(1) Å, R = 3.07%, and 342 independent reflections; and a = 5.503(1), c = 7.104(1) Å, R = 2.24%, and 335 independent reflections for the Herja and Lostwithiel samples, respectively. The structure consists of one tetrahedral and one octahedral sheet. There is one octahedral site, M1, occupied by Fe only, and one tetrahedral site, T1, occupied by Si and Fe in the ratio of 0.617(8):0.383 (Herja) and 0.699(6):0.301 (Lostwithiel). Positions of two hydrogen atoms were determined from a difference map for the Lostwithiel data. The ditrigonalization angle of the tetrahedral sheet is α = −11.5° (Herja) and α = −11.1° (Lostwithiel), and the structures have a Franzini-layer type of B. The crystals studied are affected by ±b/3 stacking faults which produced slight streaking of hk ≠ 3n reflections.

Key Words: Cronstedtite • Layer Silicate • Order-Disorder (OD) • Polytypism • X-ray Diffraction

Clays and Clay Minerals; June 2000 v. 48; no. 3; p. 331-338; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2000.0480304
© 2000, The Clay Minerals Society
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