Reduction and Sorption of Chromium by Fe(II)-Bearing Phyllosilicates: Chemical Treatments and X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) Studies

Maria Franca Brigatti1, Cristina Lugli1, Giannantonio Cibin2, Augusto Marcelli2, Gabriele Giuli3, Eleonora Paris3, Annibale Mottana4 and Wu Ziyu5
1 Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, via S. Eufemia 19, 41100 Modena, Italy
2 I.N.F.N., Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, P.O. Box 13, I-00044 Frascati, Italy
3 Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Camerino, Via Gentile III da Varano, I-62032 Camerino, MC, Italy
4 Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Roma 3, Largo S. Leonardo Murialdo, 1 I-00146 Roma, Italy
5 Centre de Recherche sur la Synthèse et la Chimie des Mineraux, C.N.R.S., 1A rue de la Férollerie, F-45071 Orléans Cedex 2, France
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Abstract: The reduction of hexavalent chromium species in aqueous solutions by interaction with Fe(II)-bearing solid surfaces was studied using a 0.96 × l0−3 M Cr(VI) solution and iron-rich clays with different Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratios, layer charge, and exchange properties, i.e., chlorite, corrensite, and montmorillonite. Experimental studies demonstrated that Fe(II)-bearing phyllosilicates reduce aqueous Cr(VI) ions at acidic pH. Chlorite and corrensite, owing to the high Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratio, are electrochemically reactive, as rapid Cr(VI) reduction indicated. In contrast, montmorillonite showed minimum to nil reactivity towards Cr(VI). Furthermore, corrensite, which is high in both Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratio and exchange capacity, adsorbs the greatest amount of chromium.

X-ray absorption spectroscopy at Al, Mg, Fe, and Cr K-edges was used to investigate the adsorbed chromium species. The montmorillonite sample, unaffected by treatment with Cr(VI) solution, displays no change at any investigated edge. Edge shape and energy also do not change for the Mg and Al spectra in corrensite, and changes are minor in chlorite. By contrast, the Fe K-edge changes both in chlorite and corrensite, and indicates an increase of Fe(III) in treated samples at the expense of pre-existing Fe(II). Cr K-edge spectra show that chlorite and corrensite sorb Cr(III), which implies its reduction from Cr(VI) in the interacting solution.

Key Words: Absorption • Chromium • EXAFS • Phyllosilicates • Reduction • XANES

Clays and Clay Minerals; April 2000 v. 48; no. 2; p. 272-281; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2000.0480214
© 2000, The Clay Minerals Society
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