One-Step Synthesis of Alkyltrimethylammonium-Intercalated Magadiite

Heloise O. Pastore, Marcelo Munsignatti and Artur J.S. Mascarenhas
Instituto de Química, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, C.P. 6154, CEP 13083-970, Campinas, SP, Brazil
E-mail of corresponding author: lolly@iqm.unicamp.br

Abstract: Cetyltrimethylammonium- and tetradecyltrimethylammonium-intercalated magadiites were prepared by direct syntheses, starting from sodium metasilicate (Na2O/SiO2 = 1.0) and nitric acid. Total substitution of sodium by cetyltrimethylammonium or tetradecyltrimethylammonium cations was not achieved in the range of surfactant: silicon molar ratios used in this study. When a phosphoniun-based surfactant replaces the ammonium surfactants in the same procedure, the result of the synthesis is a mixture of quartz and unmodified surfactant. If dodecylammonium bromide is used, an MCM-41 molecular sieve is obtained. The substitution of the silicon source by tetramethylammonium silicate or of nitric acid by hydrochloric, hydrofluoric, or acetic acids also yields MCM-41 molecular sieves, indicating that the formation of magadiite is greatly dependent on the presence of sodium cations and nitrate anions.

Key Words: Alkylammomium-Intercalated Magadiite • Intercalation • Magadiite • Organo-Magadiite

Clays and Clay Minerals; April 2000 v. 48; no. 2; p. 224-229; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.2000.0480208
© 2000, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)