Abstract: The Fe3+ substituted for Al3+ at the 2 octahedral positions is one of the most common impurities in the kaolinite structure detected by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Evidence has been provided for a relationship between the shape of EPR spectra for structural Fe and the structural disorder in kaolinite. It is proposed that the structural Fe be used as a sensitive probe for the degree of disorder of natural kaolinites. With this aim in view, an EPR disorder index (E) is defined from the width of selected EPR lines. Using reference kaolinites, it is shown that this index can account as well for long-range disorder detected by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) as for local perturbations such as radiation-induced defects (RID). It is shown that the disorder observed through EPR has some points in common with the XRD-measured one. The influence on E of the presence of RID is shown by the study of artificially and naturally irradiated kaolinites.