Refinement of the Structure of Natural Ferriphlogopite

Maria Franca Brigatti, Luca Medici and Luciano Poppi
Dept. of Earth Sciences, University of Modena-Largo S. Eufemia, 19-41100 Modena, Italy

Abstract: Two ferriphlogopite-lM crystals with a composition (K0.99Na0.01)∑=1.00(Mg2.73Fe2+0.17Fe3+0.08-Ti0.01)∑=2.99[(Fe3+0.95Si3.05)∑=4.00O10.17](OH)1.79F0.04 (sample S1) and (K1.02)∑=1.02(Mg2.68Fe2+0.20Fe3+0.11-Mn0.01)∑=3.00[(Fe3+0.95Si3.05)∑=4.00O10.18](OH)1.75F0.07 (sample S2) occur within an alkali-carbonatic complex near Tapira, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Each crystal was studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The least-squares refinements of space group C2/m resulted in R values of 0.031 for S1 and 0.025 for S2. Results showed that Fe3+ substitutes for Si within the tetrahedral sites and that the Fe distribution is fully disordered. The octahedral sites are preferentially occupied by Mg. The presence of Fe3+ within the tetrahedral sheet produces increased cell edge lengths. For sample S1, a = 5.362 Å, b = 9.288 Å, c = 10.321 Å and the monoclinic β angle was: β = 99.99°. For sample S2, a = 5.3649 Å, b = 9.2924 Å, c = 10.3255 Å and the monoclinic β angle was: β = 99.988°. The tetrahedral rotation angle of α = 11.5° is necessary for tetrahedral and octahedral sheet congruency. The enlarged tetrahedral sites are regular, with cations close to their geometric center. Ferriphlogopites have identical mean bond lengths for M1 and M2 sites within standard deviation. The M1-O3 and M2-O3 bond lengths are longer than the mean so that O3 may articulate with the tetrahedra.

Key Words: Crystal structure refinement • Ferriphlogopite

Clays and Clay Minerals; August 1996 v. 44; no. 4; p. 540-545; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1996.0440413
© 1996, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)