Abstract: The mode of growth of authigenic, lath-shaped illitic particles has been investigated using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Two types of clay lath have been identified: overgrowths on platelets of illite or illite-smectite and discrete particles. Both are neoformed and show a slight increase in abundance with depth over the 70 m depth interval sampled. Interpretation of lattice fringe data is not unambiguous but indicates that the clay is either illite or illite-smectite with R1 structure. The formation of discrete particles of authigenic illite, or even R1 illite-smectite, is compatible with present burial depths and a regional geothermal gradient of approximately 40°C/km. This illite also differs from many previous reported occurrences of authigenic illite in mudrocks in that it appears to have formed, without being preceded by progressive iUitization of illite-smectite.