Abstract: The form under which Ti occurs in kaolinitic materials from various environments has been investigated using second derivative diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The position of the absorption edge may be used as a diagnostic band to determine Ti-phases (anatase, futile, Ti-gels). Ti-oxides may be detected in kaolins, down to 0.1 wt. % TiO2. Diffuse reflectance spectra show the presence of Ti-gel-like phases occluded in sedimentary kaolinite particles. These phases, which record conditions at the time of kaolinite growth, constitute the first direct evidence of Ti mobility at the scale of mineral assemblages and question the substitution of Ti for Al in kaolinite. The nature of the Ti-oxides associated with kaolinite particles gives some constraints on the temperature conditions of hydrothermal kaolins, the evolution of sedimentary kaolin during basin diagenesis and the source of parental material in soil kaolins.