Variable-Temperature Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Nano-Sized Maghemite and Al-Substituted Maghemites

G. M. da Costa1, 2, E. de Grave*, 1, L. H. Bowen3, P. M. A. de Bakker1 and R. E. Vandenberghe1
1 Laboratory of Magnetism, Department of Subatomic and Radiation Physics University of Gent, B-9000 Gent, Belgium
2 On leave from Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto Ouro Preto, MG, Brazil
3 Department of Chemistry, North Carolina State University Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8204
* Research Director, National Fund for Scientific Research, Belgium.

Abstract: Synthetic aluminum-substituted maghemite samples, γ-(Fe1-xAlx)2O3, have been prepared by thermal decomposition of Al-lepidocrocite (γ-Fe1-xAlxOOH), with x = 0, 0.04, 0.06, 0.14 and 0.18. The particles are needle-shaped and the mean crystallite diameter along the [311] crystallographic direction was found to be between 2.0 and 5.0 nm. Mössbauer spectra were collected at 6 K and from 80 K up to 475 K at steps of 25 K. In a wide range of temperatures the spectra of the non-substituted sample consist of a superposition of a broad sextet and a superparamagnetic doublet, whereas for the Al-maghemites this range is much smaller. From the temperature variation of the fractional doublet area two different parameters were defined: the temperature corresponding to a 50/50 doublet-sextet spectrum (T1/2), and the temperature below which the doublet ceases to exist (T0). These two parameters (T1/2 and T0) decrease from 390 K and 92 K (Al-free sample), to 118 K and 64 K (4 mole % Al) and to 100 K and 48 K (18 mole % Al), respectively. The average hyperfine fields at 6 K undergo a steep drop in going from the Al-free sample (H̄hf = 506 kOe) to the sample with 4 mole % Al (H̄hr = 498 kOe), but for higher substitutions the effect is much smaller. The A- and B-site quadrupole splittings, obtained from the data between 220 K and 475 K, were found as: τEQ.A = 0.86 ± 0.04 mm/s and τEQ.B = 0.65 ± 0.04 mm/s for the 4 mole % Al sample. The characteristic Mössbauer temperature, determined from the temperature dependence of the average isomer shift, was found to be in the range of 500–600 K.

Key Words: Al substitution • Maghemite • Mössbauer effect

Clays and Clay Minerals; October 1995 v. 43; no. 5; p. 562-568; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1995.0430506
© 1995, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)