Abstract: Synthetic, relatively well-crystallized aluminum-substituted maghemite samples, γ-(Aly·Fe1−y)2O3, with y = 0, 0.032, 0.058, 0.084, 0.106 and 0.151 have been studied by X-ray diffraction and zero-field Mössbauer spectroscopy in the range 8 K to 475 K, and also with an external field of 60 kOe at 4.2 K and 275 K. It was found that there are two different converging models for fitting the zero-field spectra of the maghemites with a superposition of two Lorentzian-shaped sextets, both resulting in inconsistent values for the hyperfine fields (Hhf) and/or the center shifts (δ) of the tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) ferric ions. From the applied-field measurements it is concluded that there is a constant difference of 0.12 ± 0.01 mm/s between δB and δA, regardless of the Al content. For the Al-free sample the center shifts are found as: δA = 0.370 mm/s and δB = 0.491 mm/s at 4.2 K and δA = 0.233 mm/s and δB = 0.357 mm/s at 275 K (relative to metallic iron), with an estimated error of 0.005 mm/s. Both δA and δB are observed to decrease with increasing Al concentration. The effective hyperfine fields for the non-substituted maghemite sample are: Heff,A = 575 kOe and Heff,B = 471 kOe at 4.2 K and Heff,A = 562 kOe and Heff,B = 449 kOe at 275 K, with an error of 1 kOe. The B-site hyperfine field remains approximately constant with Al substitution, while for the A site a slight decrease with increasing Al content was observed.