Abstract: In the chemical system Na2O-Al2O3-SiO2-H2O, the stability field of Na-beidellite is presented as a function of pressure, temperature, and Na- and Si-activity. Na0.7-beidellite was hydrothermally synthesized using a stoichiometric gel composition in the temperature range from 275° to 475°C and at pressures from 0.2 to 5 kbar. Below 275°C kaolinite was the only crystalline phase, and above about 500°C paragonite and quartz developed instead of beidellite. An optimum yield of 95% of the Na0.7- beidellite was obtained at 400°C and 1 kbar after 20 days. Gels with a Na-content equivalent to a layer charge lower than 0.3 per O20(OH)4 did not produce beidellite. They yielded kaolinite below 325°C and pyrophyllite above 325°C. With gels of a Na-content equivalent to a layer charge of 1.5, the Na-beidellite field shifted to a minimum between temperatures of 275° and 200°C. This procedure offers the potential to synthesize beidellite at low temperatures. Beidellite synthesized from Na1.0-gel approach a Na1.35 composition and those from Na1.5- and Na2.0-gels a Na1.8 composition.