Abstract: Pillared bentonites were found to be efficient catalysts for the O-methyl bond cleavage of anisoles (e.g., m-methylanisole, guaiacol, and creosol) under very mild, static conditions (150°C, a few hours, inert atmosphere). The O-methyl bond cleavage led to phenolic products. Gas chromatographymass spectrometry and solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques used to probe 13C-labeled anisoles revealed that dealkylation and transalkylation reactions occurred to a large extent, and that conversion was efficient at >95% after two days. Ortho- and para-isomers were observed exclusively, without any evidence of meta-substitution. Volatile products were determined by mass spectrometry to be 13CH3OH and (13CH3)2O. Magic-angle spinning 13C NMR experiments showed that the molecules were fairly mobile in the clay micropores prior to catalysis. After catalysis, cross-polarization NMR showed that molecular motion had decreased markedly. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy of the colored complexes suggested some quinone formation. The trend of clay reactivity was found to be: pillared bentonite ≫ acid-washed montmorillonite > untreated bentonite > pillared fluorhectorite ≃ untreated fluorhectorite.