Abstract: Lepidocrocite samples, γ-FeOOH, containing 0–10 mole % Al-for-Fe substitution were synthesized at 15°C and pH 8 by oxidizing mixed FeCl2-AlCl3 solutions. The unit-cell parameters a, b, and c were measured from step-counted X-ray powder diffractograms using seven lines and Si as an internal standard. With increasing Al substitution from 0 to 10 mole % the unit-cell edge lengths a, b, and c decreased regularly by 0.3, 0.8, and 0.6%, respectively. Furthermore, the crystals became smaller, but gained in thermal stability. Decrease in crystal size parallel to the y axis led to a significant increase of the OH-stretch vibration and a decrease of the out-of-plane OH-bending vibration due to a weakening of the hydrogen bond between the zig-zag layers in the structure.