Preparation of a Kaolinite-Polyacrylamide Intercalation Compound

Yoshiyuki Sugahara, Shigeo Satokawa, Kazuyuki Kuroda and Chuzo Kato
Department of Applied Chemistry, School of Science and Engineering Waseda University, Ohkubo 3, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 169 Japan

Abstract: Acrylamide has been polymerized between the layers of kaolinite by heat treatment. Acrylamide monomer was first intercalated by the displacement reaction between a kaolinite-N-methylformamide (NMF) intercalation compound and a 10% acrylamide aqueous solution. The resulting intercalation compound showed a basal spacing of 11.3 Å. Infrared (IR) spectroscopy and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy with cross polarization and magic angle spinning (13C CP/MAS-NMR) indicated the replacement of NMF by acrylamide. IR spectroscopy also showed the formation of hydrogen bonds with the hydroxyls of kaolinite. When the kaolinite-acrylamide intercalation compound was heated at 300°C for 1 hr, the basal spacing increased to 11.4 Å, and IR and 13C CP/MAS-NMR showed the disappearance of C=C bonds, indicating the polymerization of acrylamide. The heat-treated kaolinite-acrylamide intercalation compound was resistant to 30 min-washing with water, whereas the untreated kaolinite-acrylamide intercalation compound collapsed after the same treatment, an observation consistent with acrylamide polymerization between the layers of kaolinite. IR spectroscopy revealed that polyacrylamide was hydrogen bonded to kaolinite, but in a manner different from the hydrogen bonding of acrylamide.

Key Words: Acrylamide • Infrared spectroscopy • Intercalation • Kaolinite • Nuclear magnetic resonance • Polymerization • Thermal treatment

Clays and Clay Minerals; April 1990 v. 38; no. 2; p. 137-143; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1990.0380204
© 1990, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)