Structures, Compositions, and X-ray Diffraction Identification of Dioctahedral Chlorites

S. W. Bailey and Judith S. Lister
Department of Geology & Geophysics, University of Wisconsin Madison, Wisconsin 53706

Abstract: Al-rich di,trioctahedral chlorite exists as the species cookeite and sudoite. Di,dioctahedral chlorite exists as the species donbassite. Cookeite has essential Li in its structure, sudoite has essential Mg, and donbassite has only small amounts of either element. To date, sudoite has been reported to have only IIb structural units and donbassite to have only Ia structural units. Cookeite is based primarily on Ia structural units, but IIb units are present in specimens from two localities. Most Al-rich chlorite species have regular-stacking “r” or “s” 2-layer stacking sequences, but l-layer Ia-2 and Ia-6 polytypes also are known. The structural units (Ia or IIb) and the specific stacking sequences can be explained by a combination of local charge balance and minimization of cation-cation repulsion involving the interlayer and tetrahedral cations. X-ray powder diffraction data are adequate to differentiate Al-rich chlorite from trioctahedral chlorite and to identify the type of structural unit present, but single crystal study is necessary to identify the 2-layer and l-layer sequences with certainty.

Key Words: Chemical composition • Chlorite • Cookeite • Crystal structure • Donbassite • Sudoite • X-ray powder diffraction

Clays and Clay Minerals; June 1989 v. 37; no. 3; p. 193-202; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1989.0370301
© 1989, The Clay Minerals Society
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