Solid State Reaction of Sodium Carbonate with Montmorillonite at 550°C

I. M. Natale and A. K. Helmy
Universidad Nacional del Sur, 8000 Bahía Blanca, Argentina

Abstract: The isothermal solid state reactions of Na2CO3 and other salts at 550°C with montmorillonite and with 1:1 mixtures of montmorillonite-illite and montmorillonite-chlorite were investigated. At a concentration of 20 wt. %, Na2CO3 caused the complete destruction of the X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) pattern of montmorillonite alone and in mixtures with other clays. Less deterioration of the XRD pattern was found for NaOH, NaF, K2CO3, and Li2CO3. NaCl, Na2SO4, Na3PO4, MgCO3, and CuCO3 had no effect on the XRD traces of montmorillonite. The time dependence of the Na2CO3-montmorillonite interaction at 550°C suggested that the reaction is diffusion controlled in three dimensions, i.e., diffusion was directed from the surface of the particle towards its center.

Key Words: Chlorite • Diffusion • Illite • Montmorillonite • Sodium carbonate • Thermal treatment

Clays and Clay Minerals; February 1989 v. 37; no. 1; p. 89-95; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1989.0370111
© 1989, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)