Abstract: Chloritic veins in serpentinite and their weathering products were analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF). Chlorite formed during the Hercynianage orogenesis had apparently been partly transformed to high-charge vermiculite during subsequent metamorphism of the rocks. The idealized structural formulae for these minerals are (Al1.9Fe3+0.2Fe2+0.4Mg9.2Cr0.2)(Si5.8Al2.2)O20(OH)16 and X1.3(Fe3+0.7Fe2+0.1Mg5.2Ni0.1)(Si5.8Al2.2)O20(OH)4, respectively. This transformation appears to have taken place by the removal of the hydroxy-interlayer from the chlorite without major effect on the rest of the structure. It is not clear whether other hydroxy-interlayered vermiculites containing less tetrahedral aluminum were intermediate weathering products or inherited minerals. The ultimate weathering product of chlorite and vermiculites was a Fe3+-rich smectite, which probably formed by precipitation from solution.