Abstract: Beidellite was synthesized hydrothermally from a noncrystalline gel at 320°C and 130 bar pressure. The beidellitic character of the product was verified by infrared spectroscopy on the NH4+-exchanged form. Intercalation was achieved with hydroxy-aluminum solutions having different OH/Al molar ratios. The solutions were investigated by several methods, including 27Al nuclear magnetic resonance. Essentially, two Al species were detected: monomeric Al and a polymerized form containing Al in four-fold coordination. This latter species was found to be selectively fixed in the interlamellar region, which resulted in a stable spacing of 18 Å at 110°C and 16.2 Å at 700°C. The pillared beidellites had specific surface areas of >300 m2/g, mainly due to micropores. Both Brönsted and Lewis acid sites were evidenced by infrared spectroscopy using pyridine as a probe molecule.