Abstract: Weathering of a copper stratiform deposit (schist) at Salobo, Brazil, has produced two distinct Cu-bearing minerals from a biotite parent: vermiculite and a manganese oxide containing as much as 13% and 25% CuO, respectively. Manganiferous products were formed as the result of an interhorizon transfer of solutions through a fissure system. Thus, the structural orientation of the schists was a major factor in controlling the supergene concentration of Cu. The Cu-vermiculite formed by the weathering of Fe-biotite, although the unweathered biotites in the parent rocks were found to contain no copper, suggesting that Cu was supplied by weathering solutions. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and cation-exchange capacity data for the Cu-vermiculite differ from those of typical Mg-vermiculite and are similar to those of hydroxy-Al-vermiculite. A comparison of the XRD pattern of the Cu-vermiculite with that of a Cu-free vermiculite indicates that Cu atoms are located in interlayer sites. Cu probably occurs in a brucite-like layer. The position and structure of the Cu K-absorption spectrum suggest that the Cu is divalent and exists in 6-fold coordination.