Abstract: The 57Fe Mössbauer spectra of several montmorillonites, measured at room temperature and 453 K, showed a considerably broadened Fe3+ resonance which can be computer-fitted with a similarly broadened Fe3+ doublet. In some spectra, particularly if all linewidths were constrained to be equal, this broadened Fe3+ resonance was further resolved into overlapping inner and outer Fe3+ doublets, also having broad linewidths. In accordance with recent electron diffraction evidence, the assignment by previous workers of the inner doublet to Fe3+ in the octahedral sites having the cis-arrangement of OH groups and the outer doublet to the octahedral site having the trans-arrangement of OH groups is incorrect. Instead, the Fe3+ was found to be located largely in the trans-octahedral sites. Because of the relatively low iron content of the montmorillonite examined, the next and more distant neighboring-cation environment varied considerably about the octahedral Fe3+ ions. This variation produced a broadened experimental resonance, and the resulting two-doublet computer fits probably represent the mean extremes of a continuum of slightly different Fe3+ resonances arising from the variable nature of the environment surrounding these such trans-sites, rather than distinct cis- and trans-sites. In addition, a small resonance indicating the substitution of Fe3+ into the tetrahedral sites was observed. The interlayer species probably influenced the Mössbauer resonance of Fe3+ in the tetrahedral and octahedral sites.