Multiple Cation-Exchange Capacity Measurements on Standard Clays Using a Commercial Mechanical Extractor1

W. F. Jaynes and J. M Bigham
Department of Agronomy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210
1 Journal article no. 120-85.

Abstract: Sequential cation-exchange capacity (CEC) measurements were obtained from standard clays using a mechanized, variable-rate leaching device. The device consists of a motorized screwjack and as many as 24 leaching tubes coupled to 60-ml plastic syringes. Controlled withdrawal of the syringe plungers produces a vacuum that permits samples in the leaching tubes to be extracted at a uniform rate. A single, 8-hr leaching of clays with 35 ml of salt solution was found to be comparable to multiple saturations or displacements using a centrifuge. CECs consistent with published values were obtained for reference 2:1 clay minerals using both acetate and chloride salts of Na, Ca, and Mg. Potassium-exchange capacities were also successfully measured following in situ thermal treatment of samples in the leaching tubes. Variations in measured CECs for kaolin-group minerals due to salt intercalation were minimized by using chloride rather than acetate salts and by washing with a dilute aqueous solution of the saturating cation following initial saturation. The mechanical extractor significantly reduced the effort required to perform conventional CEC determinations without sacrificing analytical precision.

Key Words: Apparatus • Cation-exchange capacity • Ion-exchange method • K-fixation • Leaching tube • 2:1 clay minerals

Clays and Clay Minerals; February 1986 v. 34; no. 1; p. 93-98; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1986.0340112
© 1986, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)