Influence of Glycine on Cu2+ Adsorption by Microcrystalline Gibbsite and Boehmite

M. B. McBride
Department of Agronomy, Cornell University Ithaca, New York 14853

Abstract: The adsorption of Cu2+ on microcrystalline gibbsite and boehmite from aqueous solutions having 2/1 and 5/1 glycine/Cu ratios has been studied using electron spin resonance (ESR). The presence of glycine inhibited metal adsorption on gibbsite above pH 5, apparently by reducing Cu hydrolysis. The preferred adsorbed species on gibbsite and boehmite, based upon the ESR parameters, were probably Cu(gly)+ and Cu(gly)20, respectively. In both experiments, rigidly-bound ternary complexes formed with Cu2+ simultaneously bonding to the surface and one or more ligands. A large excess of glycine destabilized the ternary complex and caused the desorption of Cu2+. The preferred orientation of the Cu complex on gibbsite suggests that the adsorption occurred at crystal steps and that the glycine molecule hydrogen bonded to hydroxyls of the (001) surface.

Key Words: Adsorption • Boehmite • Copper • Electron spin resonance • Gibbsite • Glycine • Hydrolysis

Clays and Clay Minerals; October 1985 v. 33; no. 5; p. 397-402; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1985.0330504
© 1985, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)