Co, Cu, Ni, and Ca Sorption by a Mixed Suspension of Smectite and Hydrous Manganese Dioxide

S. J. Traina1 and H. E. Doner
Department of Plant and Soil Biology, University of California Berkeley, California 94720
1 Present address: Department of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of California, Riverside, California 92521.

Abstract: The sorption properties of Co, Cu, Ni, and Ca were studied in a mixed mineral suspension of synthetic MnO2 and Wyoming montmorillonite. The distribution of the sorbed cations between the two solid phases was measured by indirect chemical fractionation with acidified NH2OH-HCl and by direct X-ray spectroscopic analysis of mineral particles using electron microscopy. Electron microscope and NH2OH-HCl measurements of the quantity of Co sorbed on MnO2 agreed within 6%. Seventy-seven, 67, and 69% of the total Co, Cu, and Ni sorbed by the mixed mineral suspension was found on the manganese oxide. The opposite distribution was found for sorbed Ca with 28% on the manganese oxide and 72% on the montmorillonite particles. The observed differences in metal sorption by these minerals are related to the cation-sorption mechanisms of manganese oxide and montmorillonite.

Key Words: Adsorption • Analytical transmission electron microscopy • Birnessite • Cation exchange • Manganese oxide • Montmorillonite • Transition metals

Clays and Clay Minerals; April 1985 v. 33; no. 2; p. 118-122; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1985.0330205
© 1985, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)