Abstract: Four hydrates with d(001) = 8.4, 8.6, and 10 Å (two types) were synthesized by intercalating kaolinite with dimethylsulfoxide and treating the intercalated clay with fluoride ions. X-ray powder diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis, and kinetics of dehydration experiments have led to the identification of two types of interlayer water. One type of water (hole water) is situated in the ditrigonal holes of the silica tetrahedral surface; the second type (associated water) forms a discontinuous layer of mobile water. The 8.4-Å and 8.6-Å hydrates have only hole water, whereas the two synthetic 10-Å hydrates and halloysite(10Å) contain both hole and associated water. The hole water is probably hydrogen bonded to the basal oxygens of the silica tetrahedra or, in the 8-Å hydrates when fluorine exchanges for inner-surface hydroxyls, the water molecules may reorient and form stronger hydrogen bonds to the fluorine. Associated water forms water-water hydrogen bonds approximately equal in strength to liquid water but is less strongly bonded to the clay surfaces than hole water. At room temperature the hole and associated water in the 10-Å hydrates do not form an ice-like structure.