Abstract: The pH of Na-saturated, carbonate-containing and carbonate-free Leda clay, at salinities of 2 and 10 g/liter, was decreased from pH 8 to 4 by the addition of HCl. The Bingham yield stress, as determined with a coaxial viscometer, increased in all materials as the pH decreased. Above about pH 7 the 2-g/liter materials had a lower yield stress at any water content than the 10-g/liter materials, whereas, below about pH 6.8 the yield stress of the carbonate-containing soil at a salinity of 10 g/liter was lower. For the carbonate-free material, the change occurred at about pH 6.2. The influence of salinity on the remolded shear strength of these materials was pH-dependent. A yield stress increase with decreasing pH was likely due to a change in ion saturation. The carbonate-free material exhibited a maximum yield stress at about pH 5.5–6.2, depending on salinity. The isoelectric points for oxides and clay mineral edges most probably account for the existence of the maximum.