Room-Temperature Luminescence from Kaolin Induced by Organic Amines

Lelia M. Coyne, Glenn Pollack and Roger Kloepping
Department of Chemistry, San Jose State University, San Jose, California 95192
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California 94035
Nuclear Sciences Facility, San Jose State University, San Jose, California 95192

Abstract: Several new, room-temperature luminescent phenomena, resulting from the interaction of kaolin and various amino compounds, have been observed. The emission of light from kaolin pastes (treated with quinoline, pyridine, hydrazine, monoethanolamine, n-butylamine, and piperidine) was shown to decay monotonically over a period of hours to days. More light was released by a given amino compound after it was dried and purified. Hydrazine, in addition to the monotonically decaying photon release, produces delayed pulses of light with peak emission wavelength of 365 nm which last between several hours and several days. These photon bursts are acutely sensitive to the initial dryness of the hydrazine, both in the number of bursts and the integrated photon output. The amount of light and the capacity of the kaolin to produce the delayed burst appeared to be strongly dependent on preliminary heating and on gamma-irradiation, analogous to the dehydration-induced light pulse previously reported from the Ames Research Center. A small, delayed burst of photons occurred when piperidine and n-butylamine were removed by evaporation into an H2SO4 reservoir.

Key Words: Amine • Hydrazine • Kaolin • Luminescence

Clays and Clay Minerals; February 1984 v. 32; no. 1; p. 58-66; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1984.0320108
© 1984, The Clay Minerals Society
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