Further Investigations of a Conversion Series of Dioctahedral Mica/Smectites in the Shinzan Hydrothermal Alteration Area, Northeast Japan

Atsuyuki Inoue and Minoru Utada
Geological Institute, College of Arts and Sciences, Chiba University, Chiba 260, Japan
Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113, Japan

Abstract: A complete conversion series for mica/smectites was found in a hydrothermal alteration envelope around Kuroko-type ore deposits at the Shinzan area, Akita Prefecture, Northeast Japan. The minerals are an alteration product of volcanic glass of Miocene age and are commonly associated with zeolites and silica minerals. Degrees of ordering of interstratification of the minerals change discontinuously from Reichweite g = 0 (100−55% expandable layers) to g = 1 (45−20% expandable layers), and from g = 1 to g = 2 (≤20% expandable layers). This pattern of conversion differs from the behavior of mica/smectites during burial diagenesis which undergo a continuous change in ordering type, and from the behavior of rectorite which displays a constant expandability and ordering (45–55%) over a wide range of conditions. Differences between these minerals were also found in the relationships between expandability and total layer charge, and between expandability and number of non-exchangeable interlayer cations. In mica/smectites from the Shinzan area, chemical changes in the interlayers and tetrahedral and octahedral sites are consistent with a reaction in which K-enrichment and K-fixation in the interlayers are controlled by an increase in negative layer charge. This conversion occurred in response to a steep geothermal gradient and migrating hydrothermal solutions.

Key Words: Burial diagenesis • Interstratification • K-fixation • Mica • Rectorite • Smectite

Clays and Clay Minerals; December 1983 v. 31; no. 6; p. 401-412; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1983.0310601
© 1983, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)