Abstract: A 14-Å mineral coexisting with kaolin minerals, mica, and gibbsite in a Korean Ultisol and showing X-ray powder diffraction features of “chloritized” vermiculite was studied by a combination of methods. The 14-Å mineral collapsed on saturation with K+ after extraction with hot 1/3 M sodium citrate, but the Si/Al ratio of the extracted material was close to 1.0 and kaolin minerals dissolved, as indicated by difference infrared spectroscopy. The 14-Å mineral was also collapsed by heating at or above 350°C. The difference infrared spectra and the X-ray powder diffraction patterns indicated that two forms of kaolin mineral are present that differ in thermal stability; one decomposed by heating at or below 375°C and the other by heating above 375°C. The former kaolin mineral is probably associated with vermiculite and the latter is present as a discrete form. The 14-Å mineral was inferred to be an intergradient vermiculite-kaolin mineral, in which most vermiculite layers each partially transform into double kaolin layers, and to represent an intermediate phase during the transformation of 2:1 to 1:1 layer silicates in acid soils.