A Study in Morphology by Electron Diffraction

L. B. Sand* and J. J. Comer
College of Mineral Industries, The Pennsylvania State University
* Present address: Department of Mineralogy, University of Utah.

Abstract: A stabilized halloysite-glycerol complex was studied by electron microscope and electron diffraction techniques. The basal reflection was found to be 10.7 Å by both electron diffraction and X-ray diffraction analyses. Electron micrographs of the expanded lattice (halloysite-glycerol complex) were not different from those of the collapsed lattice (halloysite). On the basis of the tubes evident in the micrographs and the fact that the basal reflection was present in the transmission electron diffraction pattern, it was established that the halloysite-glycerol complex is tubular. Since this complex has an expanded lattice 0.6 Å greater than hydrated halloysite, it is believed that hydrated halloysite (endellite) is tubular as postulated by Bates, Hildebrand and Swineford.

Clays and Clay Minerals; 1954 v. 3; no. 1; p. 26-30; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1954.0030103
© 1954, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)