DTA of Kaolinite and Montmorillonite Under Water Vapor Pressures up to Six Atmospheres*

Robert L. Stone and Richards A. Rowland
University of Texas
Shell Development Co.
* Publication No. 54, Exploration and Production Research Division, Shell Development Co., Houston, Texas.

Abstract: Thermograms of kaolinite and montmorillonite were obtained at water-vapor pressures varying from approximately 0.0001 to 4,500 mm. of Hg with a variable pressure, dynamic gas, differential thermal analysis apparatus. The beginning of the kaolinite endotherm is shifted to a higher temperature with increasing water-vapor pressure. The sharp kaolinite exotherm is shifted to a lower temperature until at six atmospheres water-vapor pressure it makes a small broad peak at approximately 900° C. The dehydroxylation endotherm of montmorillonite is almost unaffected. The 900° C endotherm and the recrystallization exotherm are shifted to a lower temperature with increasing water-vapor pressure. The temperatures of the start of the endothermic peaks associated with exchange cations are shifted upward by increased gas (N2) pressure.

Clays and Clay Minerals; 1954 v. 3; no. 1; p. 103-116; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1954.0030112
© 1954, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)