Abstract: Three samples of bluish chromium-bearing dickite and chromium-bearing kaolinite were examined by X-ray powder diffraction, chemical analysis, electron microprobe, optical, and infrared techniques to determine whether chromium is part of the mineral structure or present in an impurity phase. Two of the samples studied contain a single dominant chromium-bearing phase (either dickite or kaolinite); the third contains equal proportions of both minerals. The optical absorption and infrared spectra are consistent with the presence of octahedrally coordinated chromium. The range of Cr3+–Al3+ substitution is rather limited: up to 0.06 atoms per unit cell. The electron microprobe study revealed the presence of very rare, minute grains of chromite, as well as a uniform distribution of chromium in dickite and kaolinite, indicating that chromium occupies octahedral sites in the structure of these minerals.