Adsorption of Ethylene Glycol on Amine-Substituted Montmorillonites

John L. Burba 3rd1 and James L. McAtee Jr.
Chemistry Department, Baylor University, Waco, Texas 76703
1 Present address: Dow Chemical Company, Freeport, Texas 77541.

Abstract: To determine the reason why the adsorption of ethylene glycol on organo-smectites does not result in an expansion along the c-axis of the clays, smectites containing relatively small organo-ammonium ions (lauryl-, benzyl-, dibenzyl-, and dicyclohexylammonium), larger organic cations (dimethylbenzyloctadeyl- and methylbenzyldioctadecylammonium), and the heterocyclic organo-ammonium ion 1,4a-dimethyl-7-isopropyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9,10,10a-octahydro-1-phenanthrenemethylammonium and the corresponding ethoxylated compound were exposed to ethylene glycol vapor for up to several months and examined by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), surface area, and thermogravimetric methods. Weight loss data showed that all samples adsorbed ethylene glycol. XRD data for oriented samples indicated that lauryl-, benzyl-, dicyclohexyl-, and ethoxylated heterocyclic ammonium clays expanded by one layer of ethylene glycol and that methylbenzyldioctadecylammonium smectite expanded by two layers. Dibenzyl-, dimethylbenzyloctadecyl-, and heterocyclic smectites did not expand because the clay oriented in such a manner as to leave free clay surface between the organo-ammonium cations.

Key Words: Adsorption • Amine • Ethylene glycol • Expansion • Montmorillonite

Clays and Clay Minerals; February 1981 v. 29; no. 1; p. 60-66; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1981.0290109
© 1981, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)