Abstract: Vernadite (MnO2 · nH2O) is a mineral with a poorly ordered structure. Its synthetic analogue is designated δ-MnO2. Birnessite and vernadite are independent mineral species and cannot be described further under the same name. They have similar hexagonal unit-cell parameters, a0, but different c0 parameters. Rancieite has a structure similar to that of birnessite. Calcium bearing, 14-Å birnessite occurring in nature was first described by the authors. In addition to the todorokite having the parameters a0 = 9.75 Å, b0 = 2.84 Å, and c0 = 9.59 Å, other species of natural todorokite are known having a0 parameters that are multiples of 4.88 Å equal to 14.6 and 24.40 Å, the b0 and c0 parameters being the same.