Thermal Decomposition of a Kaolinite:Dimethyl Sulfoxide Intercalate

J. M. Adams and G. Waltl
Edward Davies Chemical Laboratories, University College of Wales Aberystwyth, SY23 1NE, Dyfed, United Kingdom

Abstract: The thermal decomposition of a kaolinite:dimethyl sulfoxide intercalate has been studied by thermogravimetry. The decomposition is complete by 175°C and has a ΔH of 58 ± 5 kJ/mole of dimethyl sulfoxide. For the first 70–80% of the reaction a plot of log(1 − α) vs. time is linear, where α is the reaction fraction complete. A two-dimensional, contracting-circle type of mechanism is consistent with this linearity, provided that the nucleation process is considered to be exponential rather than instantaneous. An activation energy of 105 ± 8 kJ/mole of dimethyl sulfoxide has been derived. This value is inconsistent with the simple assumption that the rate-determining step is the freeing of single organic molecules from their bonding to the clay layers. The mechanism of this decomposition is different from that found for kaolinite: N-methyl formamide, and the activation energy is considerably greater than that found for that material (30 ± 3 kJ/mole).

Key Words: Dimethyl sulfoxide • Intercalation • Kaolinite • Kinetics • Thermal decomposition

Clays and Clay Minerals; April 1980 v. 28; no. 2; p. 130-134; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1980.0280209
© 1980, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)