Complex Acids and their Role in the Stability of Clay Sludges from Oil Sands

M. A. Kessick
Alberta Research Council Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2C2 Canada
Key Words: Bitumen • Carboxyl • Clay Sludge • Illite • Infrared Spectroscopy • Kaolinite • Oil Sands

Clays and Clay Minerals; August 1979 v. 27; no. 4; p. 301-302; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1979.0270411
© 1979, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)