Abstract: Natural erionite was exhaustively ion exchanged with Na+ to give the anhydrous unit-cell composition (K1.9Na5.4Ca0.1Mg0.1)[(AlO2)7.4(SiO2)28.6]. A thermodynamic study of alkali and alkaline earth metal ion exchange in this zeolite was made and the selectivity series found to be Rb > Cs ≥ K > Ba > Sr > Ca > Na > Li. In all cases approximately two K+ ions per unit cell (probably those in the cancrinite cages) could not be replaced by conventional ion exchange. It was also found that two Na+ ions per unit cell are extremely difficult to replace with alkaline earth ions. It is believed that complete replacement of the approximately six Na+ cations in the two large cages per unit cell of erionite would result in a non-uniform, divalent cation population in these cages. A more stable anhydrous composition is (K2Ca2Na2)[(AlO2)8(SiO2)28] in which each large cage contains one Ca2* or other alkaline earth cation and one Na+ ion.