Abstract: Ferrihydrite was transformed to goethite and/or hematite at various temperatures, [OH], and [Al]. Increasing temperature and [Al] favored hematite, increasing [OH] favored goethite. A given [Al] induces hematite more effectively at lower [OH]. Al substitution in goethites increased linearly with log[Al], but was independent of temperature. At a given [Al], substitution increased with decreasing [OH]. In a plot of Al/Fe in the goethite against [Al]/[Fe(OH)4−] in solution a straight line was obtained for all preparations independent of [OH].