Abstract: Nitrogen adsorption at 78°K and carbon dioxide sorption at 195°K on homoionic lithium, sodium, caesium, calcium, lanthanum and hexane diammonium saturated montmorillonites have been examined by means of V-n plots. In the case of carbon dioxide, sorption on the lithium saturated clay was used as a standard for comparison of the other samples.
The nitrogen plots indicate that most of the surface area lies in super-micropores of approximately 10 Å equivalent plate separation. Variations between cations are attributed to differences in the structure of the porous matrix formed on drying rather than differences in the degree of entry into quasi-crystalline regions. While the initial sorption of carbon dioxide clearly is influenced by the solvation properties of the cations, the subsequent reversibility of the isotherms and linearity of the V-n plots indicates that for all but the largest cations the same sorption process is occurring on surfaces external to the quasi-crystalline regions