Abstract: Tosudite was found in the Hokuno pottery stone mine, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. The pottery stone ore body, altered from the Cretaceous rhyolitic rock, is composed of tosudite, interstratified illite-montmorillonite, kaolinite and quartz. Prepared by normal sedimentation method, the specimen is composed of 75.6% tosudite, 24.0% kaolinite and 0.4% quartz. The chemical composition of the specimen is SiO2 45.09%, TiO2 tr., Al2O3 37.31%, Fe2O3 0.94%, MgO 0.41%, CaO 1.94%, Li2O 0.45%, Na2O 0.09%, K2O 0.44%, H2O(−) 1.50% and ignition loss 12.11%. After subtracting the compositions of the impurities, the structural formula of tosudite is given as; interlayer cations K0.23, Na0.07, Ca0.86 + nH2O; ‘gibbsite’ layer Li0.76, Mg0.35, F e 0.29 3+ , Al3.34 (OH)12.00; silicate layer Al8.00 [Si13.83 Al2.17] O40.00 (OH)8.00.
Syntheses of tosudite were made from a starting material which is an interstratified illite-montmorillonite obtained from the same ore body. At 450°C, 400atm., reacting for 5 days, a tosudite-like mineral was synthesized.