Abstract: With the use of a BaCl 2 solution containing radioactive Ba2+ ions, kinetics of cation exchange have been done on a Kenya vermiculite, natural on one hand and previously oxidized either by 50°C water or oxygenated water on the other hand. Correlatively, the quantity of ferric iron in the layer has been determined by E.P.R. These two methods have shown that during an oxidation the proportion of iron which stays in the octahedral layer depends upon the nature of the oxidizing agent. During a weak oxidation, the iron stays entirely in an octahedral layer and the exchange capacity of the vermiculite decreases; on the other hand, during an oxidation by oxygenated water, part of the iron is extracted from the octahedral layer and the exchange capacity of the vermiculite is not changed, as established by the studies Of Farmer (Farmer et al., 1971). Kinetic data for Llano vermiculite also are reported and compared with those for the Kenya vermiculite.