Adsorption of Ethylenediamine (EDA) on Montmorillonite Saturated with Different Cations—III. Na-, K- and Li-Montmorillonite: Ion-Exchange, Protonation, Co-Ordination and Hydrogen-Bonding

R. D. Laura and P. Cloos
Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie Minérale, Place Croix du Sud 1, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

Abstract: Ethylenediamine (EDA) is adsorbed from aqueous solution on Na-, K- and Li-montmorillonite as the monoprotonated cation (EDAH+) through an ion-exchange process. On washing with distilled water the second amine function is protonated—probably through dissociation of water near the clay surface—and simultaneously formed alkali hydroxide is removed.

In air-dried clay films, prepared from unwashed suspensions, EDA is retained mainly through hydrogen-bonding with water co-ordinated to the exchangeable cation.

EDA adsorbed from the vapour phase is retained through co-ordination, either direct or indirect (i.e. through a ‘water-bridge’), depending on the hydration properties of the exchangeable cation. Indirect coordination increases the stability of the amino-clay complex against atmospheric humidity and heating in vacuum in the order K+ < Na+ < Li+.

Upon heating co-ordinated EDA is almost completely desorbed, whereas EDAH+ and EDAH22+ decompose above 160°C to form NH4+.

Clays and Clay Minerals; March 1975 v. 23; no. 1; p. 61-69; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1975.0230109
© 1975, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)