Phosphate Transport in Illite Due to Consolidation

Charles A. Moore and Nahid Zouestiagh
Department of Civil Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, U.S.A.
Proctor and Gamble Research Division, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A.

Abstract: The conditions were studied under which consolidation loading caused the release of phosphate from a saturated illite clay. P32 tracer techniques were employed to follow the movement of phosphate in composite samples composed of tagged and untagged portions. The samples, initially consolidated to 1·0 kg cm−2 stress were reconsolidated to 0·1, 0·5, 2, 4 and 8 kg cm−2 stress and the transport of phosphate was monitored by counting the radioactivity of 0·01-in. thick sections sliced parallel to the major principal plane. Corrections were applied for P32-P31 self-diffusion. It was found that: (1) for low phosphate concentrations there was no observable transport due to consolidation type flow: (2) for high phosphate concentrations and for stresses less than or equal to the preconsolidation load there was no observable transport due to consolidation type flow; and (3) for high phosphate concentrations and for loads above the preconsolidation load there was detectable transport of phosphate, presumably due to the consolidation flow. A mechanism based on self-diffusion plus uniform flow was able to semi-quantatively explain the test results.

Clays and Clay Minerals; April 1974 v. 22; no. 2; p. 167-173; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1974.0220204
© 1974, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)