A Natural 17Å Montmorillonite-Organic Complex from Alleppey, Kerala State—India

Johan Moum*, Chatty N. Rao and T. S. R. Ayyar
Forskningsveien 1, Oslo 3 -Tlf. 695880, Norway
* Norwegian Geotechnical Institute, Forskningsveien 1, Oslo 3, Norway.
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, India.
College of Engineering, Trivandrum, Kerala State, India, on study leave at NGI, Oslo 3, Norway.

Abstract: A black organic-rich alluvial clay from Alleppey, Kerala State, India, gave a well defined 17Å, reflection in the natural untreated state. Ethylene glycol and heat treatments showed it to be essentially a smectite. Treatments with H2O2 and 0·1 N NaOH contracted the spacing to about 14Å, indicating that sorbed organic matter was responsible for the original enhanced spacing.

In the natural state, the clay was chiefly divalent with respect to the ions on its exchange sites and was at a pH of 6·2. Subsequent attempts to resorb the organic matter (which had been extracted from the clay by repeated NaOH treatments, converted to the H-form, concentrated and freeze-dried) into the interlamellar space of H2O2-treated clay proved successful only after the pH was brought down to 3·2 and the clay converted to an essentially monovalent state through repeated 1 N NaCl treatments.

Clays and Clay Minerals; April 1973 v. 21; no. 2; p. 89-95; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1973.0210204
© 1973, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)