Effect of Particle Size on Potassium Sorption by Potassium-Depleted Phlogopite*

G. J. Ross and C. I. Rich
Agronomy Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, 24061, U.S.A.
* Support for this work by a grant (GA-18054) from the National Science Foundation is gratefully acknowledged.
Soil Research Institute, Research Branch, Canada Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A OC6. Contribution No. 424.

Abstract: Sorption of K from mixed KCl and CaCl2 solutions by K-depleted, Ca-saturated phlogopite was studied to determine the effect of particle size. The experiments were done at room temperature with 25 mg of K-depleted phlogopite samples in 50 ml solutions which were 0·002 N with respect to KCl and 0·02 N with respect to CaCl2.

Porption of K increased sharply with increase in particle size. The 54–75μm fraction sorbed nearly all, whereas the 0·2–2μm fraction sorbed less than half, of its depleted K. The 5–20μm fraction sorbed an intermediate amount. This relationship is explained by the same hypothesis which accounts for the increase of K release with increase in particle size. That is, bending of unit mica layers due to peripheral expansion is greater in large and thick particles than in small and thin ones. This increased bending induces the greater K release from large particles. Similarly, bending due to peripheral collapse of hydrated layers is greater in large particles than in small ones. Thus, more energy is needed to initiate layer collapse and restrict further K uptake in the large particles which results in their greater K sorption capacity.

These results imply that in natural conditions, as in soils, the coarse vermiculite and weathered mica fractions may be more effective in sorbing K from solution than their fine counterparts.

Clays and Clay Minerals; April 1973 v. 21; no. 2; p. 83-87; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1973.0210203
© 1973, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)