Abstract: Abnormal scatterings of X-rays take place between Bragg spots. Their study in hydrated Mg- and Ni-vermiculites shows that they appear in reciprocal space in the form of modulated lines, elongated along the Z* axis. These scatterings demonstrate a two-dimensional organization of the compensating cations and of the water molecules in the interlamellar layer. In such ordered domains, the cations are situated at the nodes of a biperiodic centered lattice with parameters 3a,b.
The distribution of compensating cations must conform with the charge distribution which they neutralize; it can therefore be concluded that the distribution of effective negative charges (tetrahedral negative charges less positive octahedral charges) is also at least partially ordered.