The Relationship between the Hydrated and Dehydrated States of an Halloysite

G. J. Churchman*, L. P. Aldridge and R. M. Carr
Chemistry Department, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
* Present address: Department of Soil Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisc. 53706, U.S.A.
Chemistry Division, D.S.I.R., Private Bag, Petone, New Zealand.

Abstract: A study of the mineralogical changes taking place during the loss of interlayer water in an halloysite has been carried out in order to clarify the relationship between the most hydrated and least hydrated states of the mineral. A number of samples of halloysite which together exhibit a variety of average interlayer water capacities were obtained by the conditioning of a largely hydrated sample with different atmospheres of known relative humidities. Profiles were obtained of X-ray peaks which characterize the interlayer water capacities of halloysite samples. An attempt has been made to analyse these profiles into a sum of peaks attributable to the fully hydrated and dehydrated states of the mineral. Such an analysis does not satisfactorily explain the profile shapes. A mechanism of interstratification of hydrated and dehydrated kaolin layers in which there is a tendency towards the segregation of these layer types gives a more satisfactory explanation of these profile shapes. It is concluded that dehydration takes place through an interstratification in which there is a partial segregation of the two basic layer types. This conclusion implies that halloysites with all average interlayer water contents between 0 and 2 molecules per unit cell may exist and that fully hydrated halloysite and dehydrated halloysite are the end members of a continuous series of hydration states.

Clays and Clay Minerals; August 1972 v. 20; no. 4; p. 241-246; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1972.0200409
© 1972, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)