Studies of the Clay Fraction of Southwestern Iowa Loess

D. T. Davidson and R. L. Handy
Iowa Engineering Experiment Station, Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa

Abstract: This paper presents data on clay-size material in the loess of southwestern Iowa. Most of the loess samples studied are Wisconsin in age. Regional distribution of clay-size material in the loess is discussed, and data are given on the modes of occurrence of clay in the loess. The following test methods were used to study the clay fractions of selected loess samples: Mechanical analysis, differential thermal analysis, cation-exchange determinations, refractive index determinations, and x-ray diffraction techniques. These tests indicate a uniformity in clay-mineral composition, with montmorillonite and illite group minerals predominating. Clay contents from mechanical analysis are correlated with various properties of the loess; in most cases the properties appear to be linear functions of the clay content. The plastic limit is discussed in detail.

Clays and Clay Minerals; 1953 v. 2; no. 1; p. 190-208; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1953.0020117
© 1953, The Clay Minerals Society
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