The Application of Phase Equilibrium Data to Certain Aspects of Clay Mineralogy1

Rustum Roy
The Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania
1 Contribution No. 53-41, The School of Mineral Industries, The Pennsylvania State University.

Abstract: The recent interest in the determination of the phase diagrams for many systems involving water as one component has been in those systems which are of greatest importance to clay mineralogy.

The importance of both published and more recent work on synthesis of the clay is demonstrated in the ability to prepare chemically pure, mineralogically homogeneous kaolinites, montmorillonites, micas, and chlorites. The stability and identification of the clay minerals are discussed in relation to some of the major problems of clay mineralogy. Some of the chief objections to data obtained by the usual hydrothermal techniques are treated at length.

Clays and Clay Minerals; 1953 v. 2; no. 1; p. 124-140; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1953.0020111
© 1953, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)