Abstract: Tosudite from the Takatama mine is found as an alteration mineral of the wall rocks (tuff and tuffaceous sediments of Tertiary age) of gold-silver-quartz veins. A specimen free from impurities was obtained by the sedimentation method. Chemical composition: SiO2 42·14%; Al2O3 37·38%; Fe2O3 0·30%; MgO 0·08%; CaO 1·65%; Na2O 0·15%; K2O 1·40%; H2O+ 11·22%; H2O− 6·16%; total 100·48%. A negligible amount of MgO indicates that both octahedral sheets of the chlorite structure are dioctahedral. Structural formula is given as (K0.58 Na0.09 Ca0.57)(Mg0.04 Fe3+0.07 Al12.05) (Al2.28 Si13.72) O40.00(OH)20.008.88H2O.
A reflection at 30 Å with its higher order reflections and another reflection at 1·493 Å are observed. After heating at 300°C, a 27 Å phase has appeared, in which a single plane of water molecules was confirmed as the interlayer water of montmorillonite. The structures in air-dried state and in dehydrated steps were proved by comparing the calculated and observed F-values, and by Fourier synthesis. The DTA and TG curves and the i.r. absorption spectrum are reported in this paper.