New Data for Tosudite

Susumu Shimoda
Geological and Mineralogical Institute, Faculty of Science, Tokyo University of Education, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract: Tosudite from the Takatama mine is found as an alteration mineral of the wall rocks (tuff and tuffaceous sediments of Tertiary age) of gold-silver-quartz veins. A specimen free from impurities was obtained by the sedimentation method. Chemical composition: SiO2 42·14%; Al2O3 37·38%; Fe2O3 0·30%; MgO 0·08%; CaO 1·65%; Na2O 0·15%; K2O 1·40%; H2O+ 11·22%; H2O 6·16%; total 100·48%. A negligible amount of MgO indicates that both octahedral sheets of the chlorite structure are dioctahedral. Structural formula is given as (K0.58 Na0.09 Ca0.57)(Mg0.04 Fe3+0.07 Al12.05) (Al2.28 Si13.72) O40.00(OH)20.008.88H2O.

A reflection at 30 Å with its higher order reflections and another reflection at 1·493 Å are observed. After heating at 300°C, a 27 Å phase has appeared, in which a single plane of water molecules was confirmed as the interlayer water of montmorillonite. The structures in air-dried state and in dehydrated steps were proved by comparing the calculated and observed F-values, and by Fourier synthesis. The DTA and TG curves and the i.r. absorption spectrum are reported in this paper.

Clays and Clay Minerals; August 1969 v. 17; no. 3; p. 179-184; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1969.0170306
© 1969, The Clay Minerals Society
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