Interstratification in Montmorillonite

Rodney Tettenhorst* and W. D. Johns
* The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.
Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.

Abstract: Direct analysis by Fourier transform methods revealed interstratification of three components for a homogeneous, potassium-treated and organic-solvated montmorillonite. An initial simple interpretation based on random mixing of two components was shown to be incorrect. Ethylene glycol solvation showed enhanced expansion in agreement with earlier investigations. Glycerol solvation produced a noteworthy contribution from a 14 Å component. An interpretation of the 14 Å component is suggested, based on an asymmetric distribution of layer charge. Regular interstratification, bending or curling of clay layers and anomalous dehydroxylation temperatures may be a consequence of asymmetric layer charge distribution in montmorillonites.

Clays and Clay Minerals; 1964 v. 13; no. 1; p. 85-93; DOI: 10.1346/CCMN.1964.0130109
© 1964, The Clay Minerals Society
Clay Minerals Society (www.clays.org)